Directions to make soap

Below are directions to make soap, the various types of base recipes can be found on the 6 basic soap recipes page. I’ve tried to put in as much detail as possible, videos are coming, I promise, in the meanwhile you can contact me on my Facebook page that I check a dozen times a day.

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You will need some soap-only supplies, as you don’t want to use them for food purposes – just to be safe

My favorite recipe with Olive, coconut and palm:

  • 51.2 oz Olive oil or an Olive/Canola blend
    6.2 oz coconut oil
    6.2 oz Palm oil
    23.4 oz water
    8.6 oz lye crystals

You can select a different base recipe here on the 6 basic recipes at a glance page.

Directions to make soap:

  • using a scale, measure out the olive, coconut and palm oils based on weight, one at a time, then add to the stainless steel soap pot
  • place on the stove on low heat for the oils to heat up and the more solid oils to melt, you will want the oils to be 130 degrees
  • measure out your water into a plastic water jug, like a juice jug
  • measure out the lye crystals into another small plastic container, like a yogurt container
  • make sure you have a well ventilated spot for mixing the lye into the water, as the fumes can be very strong for about a minute
  • for safety, I would always mix this in a sink, to ensure no accidental spilling to anywhere other than the sink, and put the stove exhaust fan on too for about 5 minutes
  • place candy thermometers to the lye-water container and pot of oils
  • the lye-water will get hot, reaching 175 degrees, and we will wait till it lowers to 130 degrees before adding to oil pot
  • the temperature of both need to be between 100 to 130 degrees to be mixed together
  • add the lye-water slowly and carefully to the pot of oils, and start stirring
  • some say to keep stirring constantly, but you can stop for a minute or 2 every few minutes
  • using a hand blender will help speed up the process – but be careful you don’t lift blender up and splash soap base around
  • your soap is ready for the scent, colorant and extras once it reaches the “trace” phase, this phase is when the oils and lye-water have saponified (basically have become soap).  The soap base has changed color, is thicker, and doesn’t separate if you stop stirring for a couple of minutes, image below
  • now you can add your scent, color and other additives
  • pour into your mold that is lined with freezer paper or plastic, cover with a sheet of flat plastic, cover with a blanket or towel, and wait……..
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This is “trace”, it is when the ingredients have “saponified” and become soap and a trailing will sit on the top, it may just sit, or sit and sink

Here is a somewhat scientific explanation of saponification.

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